show interfaces status command

The status of an interface on a Cisco switch can be checked using the show interface TYPE exec mode command. Consider the following example:

SW1#show interfaces fa0/1
FastEthernet0/1 is up, line protocol is up (connected)
  Hardware is Lance, address is 0040.0b21.0b01 (bia 0040.0b21.0b01)
 BW 100000 Kbit, DLY 1000 usec,
     reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
  Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set
  Keepalive set (10 sec)
  Full-duplex, 100Mb/s
  input flow-control is off, output flow-control is off
  ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00
  Last input 00:00:08, output 00:00:05, output hang never
  Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
  Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
  Queueing strategy: fifo
  Output queue :0/40 (size/max)
  5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
  5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
     956 packets input, 193351 bytes, 0 no buffer
     Received 956 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
     0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
     0 watchdog, 0 multicast, 0 pause input
     0 input packets with dribble condition detected
     2357 packets output, 263570 bytes, 0 underruns
     0 output errors, 0 collisions, 10 interface resets
     0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred
     0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier
     0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out

As you can see from the output above, this command gives us plenty of information about the specified interface. Here is a brief description of the most important lines:

  • FastEthernet0/1 is up, line protocol is up (connected) – indicates that the interface is in the up and up state
  • Hardware is Lance, address is 0040.0b21.0b01 – Lance indicates the chipset used by the port. The MAC address of the port is also listed
  • BW 100000 Kbit, DLY 1000 usec – the bandwidth and delay of the interface
  • Full-duplex, 100Mb/s – the port operates in the full duplex mode and supports the speed of up to 100Mb/s
  • 956 packets input, 193351 bytes, 0 no buffer – the total number and size of packets received by the port.
  • Received 956 broadcasts – the total number of broadcast packets received by the device.
  • 0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame… – the number of received packets that were received incorrectly.
  • 2357 packets output, 263570 bytes, 0 underruns – he total number and size of packets sent by the port.
  • 0 output errors, 0 collisions – the number of packets that were not sent because of an error and the number of Ethernet collisions.
upravnik