Run privileged commands within global config mode

Beginning with the IOS 12.3, the privileged-exec mode commands (such as show running-configuration, show interface status, etc.) can be executed within the global configuration mode and its submodes. This allows you to execute privileged-exec mode commands without needing to exit the current configuration mode. Here is an example that explains the usefulness of this feature:

Router(config)#int g0/0
Router(config-if)#show interface g0/0
% Invalid input detected at '^' marker.

In the example above you can see that we’re currently in the interface submode. We want to get more information about the interface with the show interface Fa0/1 command, but we got an error because the command is not available in this mode. However, if we use the do keyword in front of the command, the command will succeed:

Router(config-if)#do show interface g0/0
GigabitEthernet0/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled)
  Hardware is CN Gigabit Ethernet, address is 0030.a3ab.1601 (bia 0030.a3ab.1601)
  MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit, DLY 10 usec,
     reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
  Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set
  Keepalive set (10 sec)
  Full-duplex, 100Mb/s, media type is RJ45
  output flow-control is unsupported, input flow-control is unsupported
  ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00, 
  Last input 00:00:08, output 00:00:05, output hang never
  Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
  Input queue: 0/75/0 (size/max/drops); Total output drops: 0
  Queueing strategy: fifo
  Output queue :0/40 (size/max)
  5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
  5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
     0 packets input, 0 bytes, 0 no buffer
     Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
     0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
     0 watchdog, 1017 multicast, 0 pause input
     0 input packets with dribble condition detected
     0 packets output, 0 bytes, 0 underruns

The command was now executed because of the do keyword. Notice that we’re still in the interface submode and we can continue with the interface configuration.

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